Addiction is only the tip of the iceberg. In many cases, addictive substances are an easy attempt of self-medication to suppress painful emotions. Immaterial addictions serve to compensate for the lack of love and security. Inner emptiness, boredom and loneliness are predominant emotions. The solution is to treat the underlying causes like emotional neglect or traumatizing.

Important indicators:
• Psychological disorders and adaption disorders through psychotropic
substances (alcohol, opiates, cannabinoids, sedatives and hypnotics, cocaine, stimulants, hallucinogens, tobacco, volatile solvents and further psychotropic substances)
• Gambling addiction
• Compulsive buying
• Kleptomania